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Phosphorylation of EB2 by Aurora B and CDK1 ensures mitotic progression and genome stability

Release date: 2016.03.31

 

Research Results Medicine/Dentistry/Pharmaceutical Sciences

 Temporal regulation of microtubule dynamics is essential for proper progression of mitosis and control of microtubule plus-end tracking proteins by phosphorylation is an essential component of this regulation. Here we show that Aurora B and CDK1 phosphorylate microtubule end-binding protein 2 (EB2) at multiple sites within the amino terminus and a cluster of serine/threonine residues in the linker connecting the calponin homology and end-binding homology domains.
 EB2 phosphorylation, which is strictly associated with mitotic entry and progression, reduces the binding affinity of EB2 for microtubules. Expression of non-phosphorylatable EB2 induces stable kinetochore microtubule dynamics and delays formation of bipolar metaphase plates in a microtubule binding-dependent manner, and leads to aneuploidy even in unperturbed mitosis.
 We propose that Aurora B and CDK1 temporally regulate the binding affinity of EB2 for microtubules, thereby ensuring kinetochore microtubule dynamics, proper mitotic progression and genome stability.

Mitotic division stages

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Yoshihiko Maehara, Professor, Faculty of Medical Sciences
Makoto Iimori, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Medical Sciences
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